159th New York Infantry

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Regimental History and Service Record

"2nd Duchess and Columbia Regiment"

Organized at New York City and mustered in November 1, 1862. Left State for New Orleans, La., December 4, 1862. Attached to Grover's Division, Dept. of the Gulf, to January, 1863. 3rd Brigade, 4th Division, 19th Army Corps, Dept. of the Gulf, to August, 1863. 1st Brigade, 4th Division, 19th Army Corps, to February, 1864. 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, 19th Army Corps. Dept. of the Gulf, to July, 1864, and Army of the Shenandoah, Middle Military Division, to January, 1865. 2nd Brigade, Grover's Division, District of Savannah, Ga., Dept. of the South, to March, 1865. 3rd Brigade, 1st Division, 10th Army Corps, Army of the Ohio, to May, 1865. District of Savannah, Ga., Dept. of the South, to July, 1865. District of Augusta, Ga., Dept. of Georgia, to October, 1865.

SERVICE.--Occupation of Baton Rouge, La., December 17, 1862, and duty there until March, 1863. Operations against Port Hudson, La., March 7-27. Moved to Donaldsonville March 28, thence to Berwick April 9. Operations in Western Louisiana April 9-May 14. Expedition to Franklin and Opelousas April 11-20.

Irish Bend April 14. Bayou Vermillion April 17. Opelousas April 20. Expedition to Alexandria and Simsport May 5-18. Moved to Port Hudson May 22-25. Siege of Port Hudson May 25-July 9. Assaults on Port Hudson May 27 and June 14. Surrender of Port Hudson July 9. Duty at Thibodeauxville until March, 1864.

Mansura May 16. Duty at Morganza until July. Moved to New Orleans, La., thence to Fortress Monroe and Bermuda Hundred, Va., July 17-25. Duty in trenches at Bermuda Hundred until July 31. Moved to Washington, D.C., July 31-August 2. Sheridan's Shenandoah Valley Campaign August 7-November 28. Near Charlestown August 21-22. Battle of Winchester September 19. Fisher's Hill September 22. Battle of Cedar Creek October 19. Duty at Kernstown and Winchester until January, 1865. Moved to Savannah, Ga., January 5-22, and duty there until March 5. Moved to Wilmington, N. C., March 5; thence to Morehead City, N. C., March 10, and duty there until April 8. Moved to Goldsboro, N. C., April 8; thence to Savannah, Ga., May 2. Duty there and in the Dept. of Georgia until October. Mustered out at Augusta, Ga., October 23, 1865.

Regimental Roster

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Regiment Statistical Information

  • Regiment lost during service 10 Officers and 74 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 1 Officer and 130 Enlisted men by disease. Total 215.


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